•Financial abuse is the illegal or unauthorised use of a person’s property, money, pension book or other valuables. •Institutional abuse involves failure of an organisation to provide appropriate and professional individual services to vulnerable people. It can be seen or detected in processes, attitudes and behaviour that amount to discrimination through unwitting prejudice, ignorance, thoughtlessness, stereotyping and rigid systems. •Self-neglect is a behavioural condition in which an individual neglects to attend to their basic needs, such as personal hygiene, appropriate clothing, feeding, or tending appropriately to any medical conditions they have. •Neglect is a passive form of abuse in which the perpetrator is responsible to provide care, for someone, who is unable to care for oneself, but fails to provide adequate care to meet their needs.
Know how to recognise signs of abuse 1.1 Define the following: Physical Abuse The use of physical force that may result in bodily injury, physical pain or impairment. This may include hitting, beating, pushing, shoving, shaking, slapping, kicking, pinching and burning. Sexual Abuse Is any sexual act committed against someone without that persons freely given consent. Such as unwanted kissing or touching, rape or attempted rape, repeatedly using sexual insults towards someone. Emotional/Psychological Abuse Any act that subjects or exposes another person to behaviour that may result in psychological trauma.
Neglect by others would be not providing healthcare, nourishment, leaving in an unsafe environment and not assisting or encouraging hygiene. 1.2 Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse Physical abuse – fractures, sprains, bruising, scalds, burns, anxiety or fear and distress in the presence of a possible abuser. Sexual abuse – changes in behavior, difficulty in walking or sitting, torn, bloody or stained underwear, pain or itching in the genital area, bruising around the genitals, finger bruising on arms or legs or both. Emotional or psychological abuse – fear, depression, confusion, weight loss, low self esteem, crying, anxiety and lack of trust. Financial abuse – not enough money for bills or to buy basic necessities, missing belongings, inadequate heating, lighting or food, hypothermia, unexplained debts.
Types of sexual abuse are rape, sexual assault, touching and fondling, offensive or inappropriate language or involving an individual in the making and/or showing of pornography. • Emotional/psychological abuse. This is behaviour that has a harmful effect on the person’s emotional health and development or any form of mental cruelty. Some participating factors of emotional/psychological abuse maybe threats of harm or abandonment, being deprived of social or any other sort of contact, humiliation, blaming, controlling, verbal abuse, bullying or behaviour that undermines the adults self-esteem and results in them being less able to protect themselves. • Financial abuse.
• financial abuse: Includes ; theft, fraud, exploitation, pressure in connection with wills, property or financial transactions. • institutional abuse: Involves; the collective failure of an organisation to provide an appropriate and professional service to vulnerable people. It includes a failure to ensure the necessary safeguards are in place to protect vulnerable adults and maintain good standarts of care in accordance with individual needs. • self neglect: Includes; behavioural condition in which an individual neglects to attend to their basic needs, such as personal hygiene, appropriate clothing, feeding, or tending appropriately to any medical conditions they have. • neglect by others: Includes ;ignoring medical or physical care needs , failure to provide access to appropriate health, social care or educational services.
a. Physical abuse: When a person is actually using contact to cause pain or injury. b. Sexual abuse: Any sexual contact that a person is not comfortable with or consenting to. c. Emotional abuse: Being threatened, ignored, teased or humiliated.
Sexual abuse can include; Unwanted advances, indecent exposure, harassment, rough washing or touching of the genital area, rape, being forced to participate in sexual acts, Injury to genitals. A non consensual sexual act. Emotional/psychological abuse: Defined as a person subjecting or exposing another to behaviour that may result in psychological trauma. Sexual abuse can include; intimidation, not being included, threats, bullying, humiliating, blame. Any act that may, diminish the sense of identity, dignity and self worth.
* Emotional/psychological abuse – Ranges from bullying, scaring a person with threats or fear, lowering self-esteem by de-valuing, verbal abuse and swearing, expecting too high expectations on the individual and exploitation. * Financial abuse – Includes theft of money or property e.g borrowing and never paying back, mismanagement of the individual’s finances, keeping finances away from the individual. * Institutional abuse – Misuse of authority by staff in a health and social care setting, failure to keep professional boundaries, inappropriate use of medication, physical restraint, humiliation or bullying, also denying a person privacy. * Self-neglect – Personal hygiene would be affected, bathing, not washing clothes etc. Self-harming, and starving themselves, refusing to eat and/or drink.
- Emotional and Psychological abuse can include a wide range of controlling behaviour without being physical, but causing emotional problems. - Financial abuse is where an individual is being controlled when it comes to their money. - Institutional abuse is poor care and or support, it can affect the whole care setting. - Self-neglect is where a person is failing to look after themselves properly. - Neglect is where a person’s physical mental or emotional state is affected by lack of necessary care and attention, there are two forms including active neglect and passive neglect.
ABUSE Tutor: Salma Hussain Student: Pratiksha Rai Tutor: Salma Hussain Student: Pratiksha Rai There are many types of abuse which can affect young people and children. Some examples are; physical abuse, this is when you are physically harmed or injured by another person, for example; biting punching, hitting and pinching. Emotional abuse, it’s when your ‘self-worth’ or ‘self-dignity’ is affected because of other person’s behaviour or action, for example; name-calling, swearing and screaming. Sexual abuse, it’s when you are sexually assaulted or harassed by another person, for example; rape and inappropriate touching. Discriminatory abuse, this is when you are discriminated by other people based on your gender, race, culture, religion, etc.