Emotional/psychological abuse, this could be bullying, threatening behaviour, lowering self esteem, exploitation, verbal abuse and swearing. Financial Abuse, this could be theft of money or valuables, misappropriate use of a person's finances and denying access to a person's finances. Institutional Abuse, this could be the misuse of authority over a vulnerable person in a health and social care setting, failure to maintain professional boundaries, inappropriate use of medication, physical restraint, and lack of privacy, humiliation and bullying. Self-neglect, this could be self-harming behaviour like refusing to eat or drink, neglecting personal hygiene or toilet needs and actual body harm like cutting oneself. Neglect by others, this could be not taking care of the basic needs of an individual like toileting, washing, feeding and personal care.
•Financial abuse is the illegal or unauthorised use of a person’s property, money, pension book or other valuables. •Institutional abuse involves failure of an organisation to provide appropriate and professional individual services to vulnerable people. It can be seen or detected in processes, attitudes and behaviour that amount to discrimination through unwitting prejudice, ignorance, thoughtlessness, stereotyping and rigid systems. •Self-neglect is a behavioural condition in which an individual neglects to attend to their basic needs, such as personal hygiene, appropriate clothing, feeding, or tending appropriately to any medical conditions they have. •Neglect is a passive form of abuse in which the perpetrator is responsible to provide care, for someone, who is unable to care for oneself, but fails to provide adequate care to meet their needs.
Unit 5 – Principles of safeguarding in Health and Social Care 1. Define the following types of abuse: Physical abuse: Is one or more episodes of aggressive behaviour, usually resisting in physical injury with possible damage to internal organs and the central nervous system. Sexual abuse: The forcing of unwanted sexual activity by one person on another. Emotional/Psychological abuse: Is a form of abuse characterized by a person subjecting or exposing another to behaviour that may result in psychological trauma, anxiety and depression. Financial abuse: Taking money without the persons consent or without the appropriate legal authority.
* Financial abuse- is when a person mistreatment and fraud in which someone forcibly controls another person's money or other assets. * Institutional abuse-It is the failure of an organization to provide an appropriate and professional service to vulnerable people. * Self neglect- is a behavioural condition in which a person neglects to attend to their basic needs, such as personal hygiene, suitable clothing, feeding, or tending to suitable medical conditions. * Neglect by others abuse- including ignoring medical or physical care needs, failure to provide access to appropriate health care, social care, or misuse of medication, adequate nutrition or heating. Identifying signs and symptoms of the different types of abuse: * Physical abuse-unexplained falls or major injuries, injuries/bruise at different stages of healing, bruise in unusual places e.g.
Financial abuse is illegal or unauthorised use of a person’s money, property, their pension or other valuables that they own. Institutional abuse involves failure of an organisation to provide appropriate and professional individual services to vulnerable people. It can be seen or detected in process, attitudes and behaviours that amount to discrimination through unwitting prejudice, ignorance, thoughtlessness, stereotyping and rigid systems. Self neglect is a behavioural condition in which an individual neglects to attend to their basic needs, such as personal hygiene, feeding, clothing, or medical conditions they might have. Neglect is a passive form of abuse in which the wrongdoer is responsible to provide care, for someone, who is unable to care for themselves but fails to provide adequate care to meet their needs.
- Emotional and Psychological abuse can include a wide range of controlling behaviour without being physical, but causing emotional problems. - Financial abuse is where an individual is being controlled when it comes to their money. - Institutional abuse is poor care and or support, it can affect the whole care setting. - Self-neglect is where a person is failing to look after themselves properly. - Neglect is where a person’s physical mental or emotional state is affected by lack of necessary care and attention, there are two forms including active neglect and passive neglect.
Institutional abuse – Individuals are mistreated due to poor practise of a company, this could include understaffing and neglect etc. Self-neglect - Where an individual ignores or pays less attention than necessary to their basic human needs for food, drink, warmth, sleep etc Neglect by others – This includes ignoring medical, physical, educational needs or denying access to things like food, drink and warmth. This could also include failure to provide adequate support 1.2 Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse Signs and Symptoms of Physical Abuse – This would include unexplained injuries/bruises/cuts/bite marks. Finger print marks or bruises/abrasions in hidden areas. Service user appearing quieter than usual or flinching a lot.
| The appearance of unexplained bruising, cuts, burns. Behaviour changes, such as becoming withdrawn, aggressive, or developing a behaviour which is out of character. | Sexual Abuse | Rape and sexual assault, contact or non-contact sexual acts to which a vulnerable person has not consented to, could not consent to or is pressured into. | Pregnancy, contracting sexually transmitted infections, genital bruising, other bruising. Behaviour changes, such as becoming withdrawn, loss of eye contact, becoming aggressive, or developing a behaviour which is out of character.
Institutional: Freedom is limited by the institution, mealtimes and bedtimes are set by the institution, privacy and dignity are not respected, advice and advocacy are restricted or denied, overuse of sedation and medication, and not be able to utilise the complaints procedure. Self-Neglect: When a vulnerable person chooses to neglect themselves, infirmity, physical illness, disability, drug and alcohol misuse. Neglect by Others: Not providing adequate care, food, heating, cleanliness, and healthcare support. 1.2 Some of the signs of physical abuse are unexplained bruising, fractures or finger marks. Scalds or cigarette burns, loss of weight.
* Financial abuse- Financial abuse is the theft or misuse of an individual’s money or personal possessions to the advantage of another person. * Institutional abuse- Institutional abuse is the mistreatment or abuse of an individual by a regime or people within an institution. This type of abuse usually occurs when the routines, systems and norms of an institution override the needs of the people that they are there to support. * Self-neglect- Self neglect is where the individual is failing to adequately care for themselves and is failing to meet their own basic needs for food, warmth, rest, medical care, and personal