0-19 Child Development

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DevelopmentAge /stage | Intellectual/cognitive | Social/emotional/behavioural | Physical | Communication | 0-3 | Recognises parents; concentrates on familiar voices rather than unfamiliar ones aware of different smells, explores by putting objects in mouth, observes objects that move, responds to bright colours and bold images, stores and recalls information through images, sees everything in relation to self (egocentric)-for example, ‘My toy'. My mommy etcBy 9 month theyKnow individuals and recognises familiar faces.Recognises certain sounds and objects. Shows interest in everything especially toys and books. Concentrates on well-defined objects and follows direction of moving object. Anticipates familiar actions and enjoys games such…show more content…
They become better in reading and writing. They develop their own thoughts in terms of what they prefer. They can reason more and can transfer information from one source to another. They become more creative in play and have the ability to think of more than one thing at a time. | Children are more settled at this age and have groups of friends, have a steadier pace of growing and learning. They work through various issues, such as the foundation for which competency is shown in the classroom, and relationship with peers and family. At this age children are eager learners. | Physical development during these years include, growth, the increase of muscle strength and the development in the brain contribute to better fine motor skill that help them to be better at writing, artwork, sewing or for even playing an instrument. Their growth motor skills improve in ways of skating, running, jumping and catching. The loss of baby teeth and in girls early signs of puberty by age 10-11 but later in boys. | At this stage most children are fluent speakers of a language and refining their skills in reading and writing, so their language skills enable them to think and discuss their ideas more abstractly.…show more content…
They consider future possibilities, search for answers, deal with problems and draw conclusions about events they have not experience firsthand. They now have the ability to make decisions based on knowledge. They develop mature relationship with friends and family and their independence increase. | Children reach adulthood. At this stage they may lack experience and confidence depending on the individual. With the help of cognitive development they begin to form personality traits. They have the ability to think in new ways allowing them to know how they feel about themselves. Self esteem continues to rise during adolescence as they gain confidence and self awareness. | At this stage will complete puberty and the physical transition from childhood to adult. Reach nearly their adult height, especially female as male continue to grow into their twenties. | During this period, teens spend most of the day outside the home, by going to school and after school activities, having a job or going out with peers.
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