Women’s Empowerment in India |
Sakshi Sachdeva |
Theme of the research paper is Contemporary Issue and it talks about Women Empowerment and changes from 2000 to 2010. |
This paper addresses the methodological issues related to the women’s empowerment, the trends in women’s empowerment over the last 10 years in key areas such as education, health and economical and political participation; and the measures adopted by government and non government institutions in empowering women. The report begins with defining the term Empowerment and explaining that it not just about control over resources. Rather, it goes beyond economic betterment and well-being, to strategic gender interests. The Empowerment is the process of increasing the capacity of individuals or groups to make choices and to transform those choices into desired actions and outcomes. It is measured using two Indices: the Gender-related Development Index (GDI) and the Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM). The GDI indicator measures the inequalities between men and women in terms of access to basic needs. GEM evaluates women’s access to political and economic posts. The report further explains that over the past 10 years there have been considerable improvement in primary and secondary education of women, in political representation at the national level and a decline in fertility and maternal mortality rate in women but there have also been a rise in the number of female foeticide cases and rape cases which appears to be endemic and fare worse on all indicators. Furthermore, a decrease in measures of gender gap do not translate into gender equality and lead to low GDI and GEM index for India. The report also seeks to examine the role of the Indian administration in empowering the women. The Indian Constitution has bestowed equal rights for women and the Supreme Court has made a ruling that a mother has the right to act as the guardian of her minor child. It has modified PCPNDT Act 1994...