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With Reference to Two Volcanic Events That You Have Studied from Contrasting Areas of Essay

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With reference to two volcanic events that you have studied from contrasting areas of
the world, compare the ways in which volcanoes and their impacts have been managed.Urban Decline and Regeneration

Urban decline is when a decrease in economic activity in an urban area causes it to become run down.
  1. DECLINE IN INDUSTRY
  * The movement of manufacturing overseas causes industry to close
  * Industry may also move to sites outside of the city centre where rent is cheaper

  2. INCREASE IN UNEMPLOYMENT
  * If industry declines there will be a loss of jobs and an increase in unemployment
  * Some unemployed people will move out of the area to find jobs elsewhere
  * The jobs available to the unemployed people who are left behind are unskilled or low paid

  3. SHOPS AND SERVICES DECLINE
  * If lots of people leave the city, there will   be fewer people to use shops and services
  * The people who remain in the city have less money to spend there
  * Shops may be forced to close down and services may go into decline


  4. THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENTAL DECLINES
  * As industry, people and services move out, they leave empty buildings which may become derelict; derelict buildings have problems with vandalism and graffiti
  * Recreational areas are neglected and may develop problems with crime (drug dealing etc.)
  * As the area becomes unattractive, decline continues because fewer people want to live there

Gentrification Is Regeneration by A Wealthier Group
  1. Gentrification is when wealthier people move into a run-down area and regenerate it by improving their housing
  2. It often causes social changes in the area – lower income groups are replaced by affluent people
Positive Impacts
  * Housing is improved as wealthy newcomers regenerate old buildings
  * Value of housing increases. This means that existing homeowners in the area are able to sell their homes for more money
  * New businesses move into the area...

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