Adolescent Psychiatry, 2011, 1, 82-87
Albert Ellis’ Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy
New York University School of Medicine, NY 10028-1928, USA
Abstract: Rational emotive behavioral therapy (REBT) is a form of cognitive behavioral therapy developed by Albert Ellis. Developed in the 1950s, REBT was one of the earliest forms of what became known as cognitive behavioral therapy. It was successfully adapted for children and adolescents in the 1980s (Barnard & Joyce, 1984) and has been studied extensively and shown to be effective in this population (Gonzales, Nelson, & Gutkin, 2004). This article provides a selective review of the literature, and brief overview of REBT, and discusses its advantages and disadvantages.
Keywords: Rational emotive behavioral therapy, Albert Ellis, children and adolescents, review. If you are distressed by anything external, the pain is not due to the thing itself but to your own estimate of it; and this you have the power to revoke at any moment. Marcus Aurelius The essential premise of rational emotive behavioral therapy is that people cause themselves distress and dysfunction by their habitual irrational beliefs, and that these maladaptive thinking patterns can be changed, with resultant improvement in emotional states and functioning. Therapy involves training patients in rational self-analysis to help them become aware of their thought patterns, followed by teaching them how to see their reactions in more constructive (i.e., rational) terms. They then have daily relearning exercises during which they practice their new thinking patterns--termed rational emotive imagery--several times a day. ALBERT ELLIS, THE FOUNDER OF REBT Albert Ellis was born in 1913 and died in 20071. He attended the City College of New York, from which he received a Bachelor’s degree in 1934. After attempting careers in business and writing, he decided at age 29 to study psychology. He did his graduate studies at Columbia...