Essay title: What are the strengths and weaknesses of Piaget’s theory of child development?
Jean Piaget was born in 1896 in Switzerland. (2) He first developed the theory of cognitive development in order to investigate how children develop their thinking and ability when facing problems at different age. This theory was also known as the ‘first’ cognitive theory. He was a biologist who was original studying molloscs (1), but later he moved to study the development to children and tried to observe individual child at different ages (such as his daughter as one of the participants) in a natural environment and tested them on exercises he set. His theory of cognitive contribution was very successful and his conclusions are useful until nowadays. For example, he first suggested that children are not less intelligence than adults; it is because of the differences in logical thinking between adults and children. He raised some assumptions: children learnt things on their own instead of learning from adults or older children. The Piaget’s theory suggests a majority of key concepts and theories in order to convince and prove that his view on children’s cognitive development is correct. In the following paragraphs, I will talk about the strengths and weaknesses of this theory in different perspectives to see whether it is convincing or not.
Firstly, Jean Piaget suggested that children’s mental development can be divided into four stages. He did not claim that particular should be happened at a particular timing. He considered the cognitive development as a developing process to see what the differences between different ages are. (3) The first stage is Sensorimotor stage. Children in this stage are between 0 to 2. We can simply say that children in this stage are exploring through their actions and senses by physical interactions to the world (movements and sensations). The key phenomenon in this stage is object permanence. (3) According to...