Water Stress Essay

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Africa remains one of the poorest regions in the world in terms of access to fresh water resources (Pfister & Bayer, 2011).
Weak governments, corruption, mismanagement of resources, poor long-term investment, and a lack of environmental research and urban infrastructure are among the many difficulties being faced in the region today (Water For Africa, 2011). The lack of water halts social and economic development in Sub Saharan Africa by causing the reducing number of food production, affecting the health of citizens and community development (Water For Africa, 2011).

Roughly 25 percent of Africa's population suffers from water stress (Tatlock, 2006).
300 million people in sub-Saharan Africa are without access to safe and clean drinking water (Eckstein, 2011). Of the countries reported to have less than fifty-percent coverage in water supply, almost all are located in sub-Saharan Africa (Pfister & Bayer, 2011). Additionally, only some thirty-percent of the population in sub-Saharan Africa is blessed with improved sanitation coverage, making the region one of the most underserved in the world (Eckstein, 2011).

Insufficient Infrastructure
Infrastructural development is of particular importance to Africa as many of its countries are landlocked, thereby increasing the costs for trade. This is attributable to lack of access to good roads or navigable rivers driving up transport costs (Hallowes, Pott, & Dockel, 2008). Because of Sub-Sahara’s fast growing population and poor intuitions, most new settlements are poor in structure and most likely, are unsafe to live in. This causes the government to build more settlements in areas that should not be touched (Hallowes, Pott, & Dockel, 2008). The absence of infrastructure and technology, like dams, make progress in Sub-Saharan Africa close to impossible. The water shortage and quality concerns affect not only the health and wellbeing of Sub-Saharan Africa’s population, but their economic opportunities and futures as...

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