The coniferous forest is located in Canada, Europe, Asia, and the United States. The temperature ranges from -40 Celsius to 20 Celsius. Average summer temperature is 10 Celsius. Yearly precipitation varies from 30 to 90 centimeters per year. Coniferous forest regions have cold, long, snowy winters, and warm, humid summers. They have well-defined seasons, and at least four to six frost-free months. There are two types of Coniferous forests:
1. Open, lichen woodland, which has trees, spaced far apart with lichen growing between them.
2. Closed forests, which have trees very close together and a shaded, moss-covered forest floor. The major aquatic zones of the coniferous forest are marine, freshwater, and brackish. The average salinity of marine is 3%, freshwater 1% or less, and brackish mixture of salt and fresh. Clear-cut logging is the biggest threat to the Coniferous forest. Replanting after logging leads to single-species conifer monocultures. Clear cutting accelerates soil erosion, degrades wildlife habitat and leads to the loss of biodiversity. The land is being cleared for ski slopes, landfills, housing, and new roads. In Canada, one acre of forest is cut every 12.9 seconds! Mining operations is another threat to the Coniferous forests because of the chemicals used in mining and the silt released by mining. Road construction destroys the forest and also acts as a barrier to wildlife. Roads isolate populations of species from feeding grounds, natural migration routes and limits breeding between larger groups.
The wolverine is a stocky and muscular animal. With short legs, broad and rounded head, and small eyes with short rounded ears. Its legs are short. The single species of wolverine is a heavily built animal, immensely strong for its size and capable of killing animals larger than itself. The adult wolverine is about the size of a medium dog, with a length usually ranging from 65–107 cm and weighs 9–25 kg,...