Module 1 SLP
BHE314: Environmental Health and Safety
Dr. Rania Sabty-Daily
October 18, 2010
Waste management practices differ for developed and developing nations, for urban and rural areas, and for residential and industrial producers. Management for non-hazardous residential and institutional waste in metropolitan areas is usually the responsibility of local government authorities, while management for non-hazardous commercial and industrial waste is usually the responsibility of the generator.
Proper sewage disposal is getting rid sewage in the most environmentally and human friendly way as possible whilst improper sewage disposal is the opposite. It causes the wide spread of many diseases and poses as a health problem for human beings. Disease-causing bacteria can contaminate drinking water supplies and be transported by flies, rodents and dogs. Proper sewage disposal methods are essential to control disease-causing bacteria, to remove and stabilize organic material, avoid the contamination of drinking water and reduce unpleasant odors and unsightly appearance.
Debris after a disaster may include waste soils and sediments, vegetation (trees, limbs, shrubs), municipal solid waste (common household garbage, personal belongings), construction and demolition debris (in some instances, entire residential structures and all their contents), vehicles (cars, trucks, boats), food waste, so-called white goods (refrigerators, freezers, air conditioners), and household hazardous waste (cleaning agents, pesticides, pool chemicals). Each type of waste may contain or be contaminated with certain toxic or hazardous constituents. In the short term, removal of debris is necessary to facilitate the recovery of a geographic area. In the long term, the methods by which these wastes are to be managed require proper consideration to ensure that their management will not pose future threats to human health or the environment.
In the aftermath of a major...