“What we seek is the reign of law, based upon the consent of the governed and sustained by the organized opinion of mankind.” This was President Woodrow Wilson’s dream of an organization known as the League of Nations that would seek global peace and would benefit everyone. However, the reality was very different. In order to replace the League of Nations with a newer and more efficient organization, the United Nations was created. The League of Nations and the United Nations were two organizations that, although they had some similarities, were very different in certain ways, too.
On January 8th, 1918, President Wilson gave a speech known as the “Fourteen Points” were he mentioned the creation of an organization that would seek peace and would prevent another world war. The speech had such an impact on the European people that a conference was called in Paris and the League of Nations was adopted as part of the Versailles Treaty. The first official meeting of the League was in Geneva, Switzerland, in November of 1920. According to what the League of Nations Treaty Settlements stated, it had two main purposes: “to promote international cooperation and to maintain peace by settling disputes peacefully and by reducing armaments”1 The League would include all the Nations with one vote each, and consisted of four permanent members –Great Britain, France, Italy and Japan- and several non-permanent members who were elected by the permanent members every three years. It was divided in three main constitutional organs: The Assembly, The Council, and The Permanent Secretariat, and “it was to work closely with a related but independent body, The Permanent Court of International Justice, located in the Hauge.”2 The three official languages of the League of Nations were English, French and Spanish, and by 1935, The League included 62 Nations.