CAPABILITY THEORY AND THE UNITED NATIONS
IN THE DECADE AFTER THE END OF THE COLD WAR
By Dr. Mark Anderson and Dr. Jack E. Vincent
The United Nations, and its various parts, is the one international body created in the
post-World War II era by the international community to support dialogue and
communication amongst nations. Mechanisms were created for the peaceful resolution of
disputes so as to maintain “international peace and security”.( Articles 1, 2, 33, 34, 36, 38, and 41 of the Charter of the United Nations support the concept of “pacific settlement of disputes”. Chapter VI of the Charter is entitled, “Pacific Settlement of Disputes”. See Appendix H for the Preamble and Articles 1, 2, 33, 34, 36, 38, and 41of the Charter of the United Nations.) In addition, the use of
force, sanctioned by the international community, to maintain “international peace and
security” was created and put into force under Chapter 7 dealing with the rights and
duties of the Security Council under Article 42 of the Charter of the United Nations.( Chapter 7 of the Charter of the United Nations. http:www.un.org/aboutun/charter/chapter7.htm
Article 42 reads as follows: “Should the Security Council consider that measures provided for in Article 41 would be inadequate or have proved to be inadequate, it may take such action by air, sea, or land forces as may be necessary to maintain or restore international peace and security. Such action may include demonstrations, blockade, and other operations by air, sea, or land forces of Members of the United Nations.
A theoretical foundation for the relationship between nations can first be found amongst
the way one person relates to another person since nations are made up individuals.
Hobbes’ “state of nature depicts a state of anarchy that is most disagreeable.
Thomas Hobbes famously argues in Leviathan (1651) that the state of nature is a...