1.1. Describe the main types of mental ill health according to the psychiatric (DSM/ICD) classification system: mood disorders, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance related disorders, eating disorders, cognitive disorders.
Mood disorders: Is the term designating a group of diagnoses in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV TR) classification system where a disturbance in person's mood is hypothesised to be main underlying feature. Personality mood: are conditions in which an individual differs significantly from an average person in terms of how they think, perceive, feel or relate to others. Anxiety disorders: Is a feeling of unease, such a worry or fear, that can be mild or severe. Psychotic disorders: are mental illnesses that are characterised by psychotic symptoms, which can generally be described as a loss of contact with reality. Substance related disorders: are disorders of dependence, intoxication, abuse, and substance withdrawal caused by various substances, both legal and illegal. Eating disorders: Any of a range of psychological disorders characterised by abnormal or disturbed eating habits such as anorexia nervous. Cognitive disorders: Are a category of mental health disorders that primary affect learning,memory, perception, and problem solving and include; amnesia, dementia and delirium.
1.2. Explain the key strengths and limitations of the psychiatric classification system. Strengths of Psychiatric Classification and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders include that it provides a well designed standard, and comprehensive diagnostic tool for clinicians and it allows physicians to look at the complete psychological make-up of a person.
1.3. Explain two alternative frameworks for understanding mental distress. Biological and medical frameworks view psychological problems as resulting, in the main from physical causes such as brain defects, genetic factors or as the results of...