Religion and political problems were the bases of the 17th century in England. Disputes between parliament(Tories and Whigs) and the crown, lead to a civil war because of the shared power. Charles I, which firmly believed in divine right and full capability of government by himself, got beheaded by a member of the parliament. Oliver Cromwell got to be the first non royal ruler of England. Because of his puritan values, discipline was the thing he most believed in, and wanted Catholics out of England even though Anglicans and Roman Catholic's were the majority. After nine years of his reign, people grew tired of his government, including parliament and anxiously waited for the new heir to the crown. Charles II, after his escape from the battle of Worcester against Cromwell, was received as the new king and this was known as the restoration.
During the restoration, there was a very significant growth in interests such as scientific and metaphysical poetry. The age of reason grew larger, literature such as prose, satiric comedy, tragic comedy, drama and comedy of manner were very popular at the time. Such as literature and great authors as Alexander Pope, science had incredible accomplishments such as the invention of a scientific method brought to us by Isaac Newton, and so as his first built telescope. Enlightenment was a way of explaining unknown things, reason them and exploring such things that were once irrelevant. Brilliant men such as John Locke, encouraged people with logical justification and better ideas to make living conditions improved and ideal(A+E Networks, 2013).
The Enlightenment encouraged great living conditions for people in the 18th century. Financial Institutions such as the bank of England and the bank of Scotland, provided the circulation of money thought the country. People lived in good conditions gaining fair money and poverty had a great decrease. Farmers transformed their farms into large commercial...