Totalitarianism in 20th Century Europe
March 4, 2013
Totalitarianism is one of the most feared political and socially detrimental regimes that the world has seen in the past century. Webster’s dictionary defines totalitarianism as “the political concept that the citizen should be totally subject to an absolute state authority”. Three men in 20th century Europe, took three different political visions, incorporated these specific ideologies into their extensive political platform, and took full control over their specific state. However, though Stalin, Hitler and Mussolini all had different ideological backgrounds and political platforms, these 3 men similarly wanted to achieve an end result of, total power over the state. Stalin, Mussolini, and Hitler, all from different political beliefs felt as though they each needed to complete control over the state, and they would have stopped at nothing in order to achieve their goals and fulfill their own idea of a utopic state.
This paper will cover each of the three men’s rise to power, as well as their social, political and economic policies that helped them achieve rank as head of the state. The paper will start off by focusing on Stalin’s rise to power, his political policies and public perception, and how his means of political authority negatively affected the state. The paper will then switch focuses and concentrate on Mussolini and his rise to power and how Mussolini’s fascist beliefs impacted the Italian economic, social, and political sectors. Lastly, the paper will then focus on Hitler and the rise of the Nazi regime. The paper will closely analyze Hitler’s historic authoritarian state and how this state burdened long after Hitler’s regime has departed. All in all this paper will go in-depth into showing the negative lasting effects that these three authoritarians had on their respective nations and the sour taste that...