Theodore Roosevelt is widely regarded as the first modern President of the United States. Throughout the second half of the 1800s, Congress had been the most powerful branch of government. Although the presidency began to amass more power during the 1880s, Roosevelt completed the transition to a strong and powerful President. He made the President the center of American politics, rather than the political parties or Congress.
Theodore Roosevelt was the 26th President of the United States of America, serving from 1901 to 1909 (Pringle 14). Theodore Roosevelt was an accidental president (14). He was pushed into the vice presidency in 1900 to get him out of the New York state governor job. This strategy failed. Roosevelt became president on September 14, 1901, when Republican president William McKinley died of gunshot wounds he received ten days earlier at the Pan American Exposition at Buffalo, New York. (15)
Roosevelt had a great love for nature, he strongly promoted the conservation movement and emphasized efficient use of natural resources. As president, Roosevelt tripled the acreage of the National Forest system, created the first fifty-one National Wildlife Refuges, secured passage of the National Monuments and reclamation acts, and doubled the number of National Parks (18). During Roosevelt’s presidency, the basic infrastructure of the American West took shape during the twentieth century. (19)
Roosevelt’s Square Deal was one of his main policies formed upon three basic ideas, conservation of natural resources, control of corporations, and consumer protection. These three demands are often referred to as the "three C's" of Roosevelt's Square Deal (27). Roosevelt’s Square Deal aimed at helping middle class citizens and involved attacking the upper class and bad trusts while at the same time protecting business from the most extreme demands of organized labor and included regulation of railroad rates and pure foods and drugs. He saw it as a fair deal for...