Originally Russian education starts from the early age. Children can start going to kindergarten from the age of two, but this is not a compulsory education. It depends on parents’ decision. Many parents prefer to educate their child up to school at kindergartens. In the kindergarten the child deals with music and drawing, starts to count and read, it is also developed physically.
However, school is mandatory. Every child starts going to school from the age of seven and till 16. Mandatory education in Russia is presented by three types of schools: primary, secondary and high. The primary school teaches its pupils elementary skills, such as reading, writing, counting. Many schools also offer foreign languages or some other special disciplines at this age.
The most important period is the secondary school, which starts from the 5th grade. This is the time when children start learning Biology, Geography, Chemistry, Physics, Computing, and many other new subjects. After the 9th form pupils have to sit for examinations on three subjects. Russian and maths are compulsory, and the other one is optional. Having passed the examination successfully, students have to choose whether to continue school education, or to leave for other types of educational institutions, such as college, specialized schools and else.
If the pupil decides to continue studying in high school, which lasts for two years, he can enter the university after school graduation. At the end of the 11th form, all students must take an exam called ЕГЭ [Единый государственный экзамен] (Unified State Exam) including mathematics, Russian, literature and 2 others subjects chosen by the applicants. With this exam, students might apply for entrance to ВУЗ – высшее учебное заведение (a higher education institution), like an institute or university.
At the university specialists are trained. Students study at the university during four years, then they get the Bachelor...