The Sociological Explanation of the role of Culture in Contemporary Society
Culture consists of the beliefs, behaviours, objects, and other characteristics common to the members of a particular group or society. Through culture, people and groups define themselves, conform to society's shared values, and contribute to society. Thus, culture includes many societal aspects: language, customs, values, norms, mores, rules, tools, technologies, products, organizations, and institutions. For example the functionalist theory of culture:
Functionalism is a perspective which sees society made up of parts which work together to maintain society as an integrated. Functional prerequisites are needs that must be met if society is to survive, that include the production of food and care of the young. It’s seen as a society like the human body, where all parts are needed to work to work together but in order to maintain society, like the human body, we all need to understand the role each part takes. In order to carry this out all of society needs to commit to the same beliefs and values, which needs the same method of parenting and education across this modern theory of society known as value consensus , which is frankly impossible which each person always having their own unique outlook of how to live a life right. This is a secondary effect of humans having the power to make their own choices and decisions through free will. Value consensus is which functionalists believe maintains what they see as peaceful, harmonious society without much conflict between people and groups. This theory would mean that the family and educational system teach the same values as socialisation, creating the same norms, showing no need for diversity and producing different ideas to fuel society with a new edge to stop society falling into a continuous routine for years to come.
Classical Marxist Theory sees culture determining the ruling class as a force of controlling the working class...