The Roaring Twenties
The 1920s were a time of dramatic economic, social, and cultural change. Some referred to the 1920s as "The New Era", indicating a time of peace, optimism, and normalcy after World War I. Others have referred to it as the "Roaring Twenties", indicating a view of celebration, prosperity, and immense change in the social fabric of America. However it is defined, it was definitely a period major of changes in many aspects of American life.
The economic growth that occurred during the 1920s was remarkable and there has not been growth like it since. The automobile industry exploded which had a domino effect on the rest of the nation's economy. For instance, with one in six Americans owning a car by 1929, this decade saw several industries literally reach peaks of success that some thought were unattainable. Oil and gas consumption increased, road construction flourished, and rubber, glass, and steel manufacturers reaped huge benefits from supplying the automobile industry with the goods needed to build the sought after automobile. Another sector that grew immensely was the home-building industry. Suburban areas grew due to the new convenience of travel made possible by the automobile. Manufacturing output in the U.S. grew by 60%, per capita income grew by 33%, and inflation was relatively low! These factors, in combination with other advancements in technology, such as radio, aviation, faster trains, the invention of household appliances, the proliferation of the telephone, and many other modern conveniences, provided the perfect environment in which many Americans could participate in the new consumer-oriented society.
Socially, the 1920s saw major changes for women in America. With the success of the 19th Amendment still blowing in the sails, the women of this decade took on a new air of liberation. The National Women's Party pushed for the Equal Rights Amendment and the League of Women Voters pursued legislation that would favor...