The debate for philosophers and psychologists for centuries has been in regard to mind/body interactions. The two theories which contradict each other are monistic versus dualism.
Dualism is the theory that there is a clear seperation between our mind and body. Dualism was defined as a religious or spiritual belief. The dualists state the mind has the ability to reason and the body can be compared to a machine. The dualists believe that this is the difference between humans and animals. Healing from an illness with this perspective can be limiting because it suggests that the mind seperates persons from their bodies. Dualists believe that there is something after life which suggests that the mind, body and soul are seperate and not one (Goodwin, 2008).
On the other hand, monism is defined as science. Monism theorists state that mind and soul cannot be seperate from our physical body. The mind influences the body. Monists state that transcendence promotes healing in a monistic conception of mind and body. Healing restores the mind and body as one. Combining the mind body may not help a person live longer but they do have a more peaceful life with this wholistic approach. Psychological techniques that have been used are hypnotic suggestion, meditation or biofeedback (Glannon, 2004).
I believe the monists have a more credible argument then the dualists. I believe that the mind, body, and even soul are one. We cannot heal from an illness by just treating the body. The mind is also an active part of healing. Mind and body are interdependent on each other and therefore one. Treating an illness by combining mind/body increases the chances of healing because psychological and physiological are seen as one. I would even go a step further to say that we are one with the universe. To seperate mind/body is to compartmentalize us. We are one and not two beings. Our mind/body and healing should be treated as such.
Goodwin, C., (2008), A history of modern...