The International Role of the United Nations
1. What is the purpose of the United Nations?
The purpose of the United Nations is to bring all nations of the world together to work for peace and development, based on the principles of justice, human dignity and the well-being of all people.
2. What does the United Nations do to promote peace?
The UN promotes peace in situations of manifest or simmering conflict, the UN employs tools ranging from mediation to the dispatch of peacekeeping forces. The UN works to heal the economic and social causes of war. As a centre for diplomacy and debate, the UN provides a framework for the peaceful settlement of disputes, a means of defusing conflicts before they begin.
3. What does the United Nations do for development?
The UN system has bettered the lives of countless people in the poorest parts of the world through a variety of practical programmes. The UN's track record in promoting development is second to none. The UN Development Programme has nearly 170 countries, while the UN system spends $10 billion a year on operational activities for development like assisting refugees and the poor.
4. What does the United Nations do for human rights, justice and international law?
The UN advances human rights in many ways: The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights raises concerns with governments, responds to human rights abuses and takes action to prevent violations. The International Court of Justice main functions are to settle legal disputes submitted to it by states and to give advisory opinions on legal questions submitted to it by duly authorized international organs, agencies, and the UN General Assembly.
5. What are the goals of the United Nations Millennium Declaration?
The MDG’s are eight goals that were agreed by the 192 members of the UN and they should be achieved by 2015. They include reducing extreme poverty, universal education, promote gender equality, reducing child mortality rates, improve...