The Impact of Europeans colonization in North America on Native Americans
When the first colonist began to colonize America, they brought with them many diseases. The diseases were caused by their close living quarters with domesticated animals such as pigs, cows, sheep, goats and horses. When the colonist made first contact with the indigenous people, they unknowingly spread epidemics of smallpox, typhus, influenza, diphtheria, and measles, killing 10 to 20 million, which was up to 90 percent of their population. Sometimes these diseases were purposely spread to the natives in order to easily take over certain territories. For example, during the French and Indian War, British commander and chief Jeffery Amherst suggested using smallpox to wipe out the Native Americans (D'Errico, 2010). When these new disease were introduced, the shaman or medicine men were baffled and unable to heal the ailments. As a result of the natives’ shaman being unable to cure their people of these diseases, the natives began not to believe in their healing powers. However, many of the indigenous that did not fall to disease, were captured for slavery.
Many people believe that slavery of the Native Americans was a result of the Europeans colonizing the New World, but it was not. The indigenous people, long before the settlers arrived were enslaving each other. However, the native people did not exploit slavery on a large scale. Instead, they used the captured slaves to replenish their tribe’s fallen warriors or to replace people who have died of disease. When the Europeans arrived to inhabit America, Native American the slave trade changed significantly. Europeans and native tribes would enslave other tribes and sell to the settlers. The Native American slaves were used to mine for gold, cultivate tobacco, etc. Over the years, the aboriginal people began to suffer more losses than just their people.
The native people began to lose parts of their culture. When a...