THE GOTHIC DEVICE USED IN A ROSE FOR EMILY
I. Brief Information about the Story and Its Author
A. Selected Information about William Faulkner
William Faulkner (1897-1962), American novelist, known for his epic portrayal, in some 20 novels, of the tragic conflict between the old and the new South. Although Faulkner's intricate plots and complex narrative style alienated many readers of his early writings, he was a literary genius whose powerful works and creative vision earned him the 1949 Nobel Prize in literature.
Most of Faulkner’s major works are set in an imaginary place in the Deep south called Yoknapatawpha County with its main town Jefferson which closely resembled Faulkner’s native Lafayette Country, Mississippi, where he spent most of his life. His family had some social status in the history of the region, “and it was from that region’s Characteristics of white social status ,racial violence, honor codes and traditional moral values that Faulkner drew the material for most of his fiction.”(1)Yoknapatawpha is called “a mythical kingdom” by Malcolm Cowley,(2) all that happened in the “kingdom”, in fact, is the epitome of the south. In the novels set in the “mythical kingdom”, Faulkner describe one after another unusual, even horrible story and explores all levels of society.----“what emerges is not just the social and economic history of Yoknaptawpha County, but its emotional and psychological history as well,”(3)in other words, is the social, economic, emotional and psychological history of the south.
B. The Summary of A Rose for Emily
A Rose for Emily, which was among William Faulkner’s first published short story. A Rose for Emily is considered as equally good as his best novels and many English teaching materials all select this short novel as its content. The story set in the small town of Jefferson in Yoknapatawpha, the story concentrates on Emily Grierson, an queer spinster who refuses to...