December 1, 2011
Ap Lang Thematic Essay
The Effects of Poverty on Early Childhood Development
“How tender 'tis to love the babe that milks me: I would, while it was smiling in my face, Have pluck'd my nipple from his boneless gums, And dash'd the brains out, had I so sworn as you Have done to this.” 1.7.55-59
Early childhood is a critical time in the development of healthy individuals. This period of time in the life span, age’s three to six, is characterized by significant growths in many areas. Kids develop cognitive skills such as reasoning, memory, thinking and problem solving. Physical development, not only do they grow in size but vital organs in the body as well. The brain and the nervous systems are still growing and developing at this time. Early childhood experiences affect social, cognitive and physical development. Kids need healthy home environments where they feel safe, loved, have strong community involvement and positive role models.
Brain development, a very vital part of the growth of a child, is very much affected by poverty. Brain development in early childhood can be affected by relationships, learning resources and stress. Relationships that are in the home, with friends and in the community that are affected by poverty tend to have increased conflict, violence and even isolation all of which affect brain development. Learning resources that stimulate the brain like books, educational toys, or daycare are limited in improvised families. Parents living in poverty also have high levels of stress in dealing with day to day situations and this stress is passed on to their children. All the factors negatively affects the stimulation in the brain needs that for healthy brain development.
The psychological effect of children living in poverty can be seen in their conduct. Adjustments disorders and or anti social behaviors are common in children living in poverty. These problem behaviors include but are not...