The Crimean War.
The Crimean War took place between October 1853 and February 1856 and was a war between Russia on one side and Britain, France, the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) and the Kingdom of Sardinia on the other.
Causes and countries motives.
The Crimean war showed that France, and especially Britain, were prepared to use military force to help defend the declining Ottoman Turkish Empire. Their motives behind the outbreak of war were that if the declining Ottoman Empire collapsed, Russia could greatly expand their territory and power by dismembering its provinces and taking them over. Additionally, it would allow the Russian navy direct access to the Mediterranean, a threat to French interests in the area, and the route to British India through the Middle East.
Another cause was over religion, particularly over the protection of the Holy Places in Jerusalem. The Holy Land was part of the Muslim Ottoman Empire but also was the home of Judaism and Christianity. In the Middle Ages, Christian Europe and the Muslim east had fought the Crusades over control of this land. However, the Christian Church was divided into numerous small denominations. The Eastern Orthodox Church and Roman Catholic Church were the two major branches of Christianity. Unfortunately, these main denominations could not work together. Both of them wanted to control the Holy Places.
Significant and innovations
The Crimean War saw many new innovations in technology were used for war for the first time. The British built a railway to move supplies up to their front lines, the first use of the railway in warfare. Extensive trench lines and area artillery fire were used for the first time. It was also the first war where the percussion cap, minie ball, and rifled musket were used on a wide scale. The Crimean War also saw the first war correspondent, William Russell, who reported for The Times of London. This meant information about the war from an independent, non military source reached...