“The Allegory of the Cave.” This complex summary of ideas is composed by Greek Philosopher, Plato. The Allegory consists of a fictional, yet effective sociological experiment, where men live underground, in a cave (imprisoned since childhood), tied and unable to move. Plato describes the caves inner workings; “Above and behind them a fire is blazing at a distance, and between the fire and the prisoners a low wall built along the way, like the screen which marionette players have in front of them, over which they show the puppets.”(6) This cave and his depiction of the strange environment is evidently representative of a society turned placid, where reality is determined by the continuation of fixed ideas. Plato asserts the idea that reality is determined by social order and physical location and the enlightenment of any human will occur only within a structured educational system.
Corrective action is needed to repair the minds of humanity, who have long-lived in a world where continuity equals comfort. Although in the allegory, Plato’s hypothetical detainees are forced, society in its usual, redundant state is similar to the cave and its fixed position. Inside the cave, shadows represent the totality of the prisoner’s existence – it is impossible for them to imagine a reality which consists of anything other than the morphing shadows on the wall. Change can usually elicit fear and naturally humans may protest change. An option to retreat to the upper world would be feared by the cave dwelling people. Force is used to remove the man from his boundaries, as laws are put in place to promote a greater good. “And suppose, once more