Supplementary Vitamins and Minerals
Are supplementary vitamins and minerals essential for body? Supplemental nutrition is a substance added to a diet in order to providing necessary nutrition and could be in different forms of medicine such as pills, liquids, powder or even can be injected through a vein. Although most dieticians believe body should take its necessary minerals and vitamins from natural sources, in some cases it is suggested by doctors to take supplementations in order to prevent or alleviate vitamin and mineral deficiencies. There is a debate between dieticians, whether supplementations are essential and helpful for body and completely without risk, and in which case, it would be recommended by doctors.
Vitamins and minerals which can be supplied by variety of organic foods, water and sunlight are absolutely necessary for body. They are also called micronutrients which are needed in very small quantity and each of them affects one or more body functions.
Body needs a few milligrams of vitamins daily to be healthy. Vitamins help absorption of other substances and lack of even one of them leads to a chain reaction to other micronutrients deficiencies. There are 13 types of vitamins which are categorized in two different groups: water soluble (B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9 and B12), and fat-soluble (A, D, E and K). Each of these vitamins can be supplied by different variety of foods such as vegetables, dairy and animal products, they play very vital part to help body function properly, for example vitamin A is needed for eyesight and lack of it can cause blindness. It is also required for growth of body cells and help to have strong bones. Fat- soluble vitamin can be stored in body tissues; unlike water soluble vitamins which must be taken often, fat- soluble vitamins are not essential to be taken daily(Buller 24-25).
Minerals are other vital substances for body which are needed daily. There are more than...