Adams State College (1998) states, the APA (American Psychological Association) of Exercise and Sport Psychology defines sport psychology as “the study of psychological and mentor factors that influence and are influenced by participation of physical performance in sport, exercise, and physical activity.” In the professional field of sport psychology, experts are interested on “how participation in sport, exercise, and physical activity may enhance personal development and well-being throughout the life span.” In this professional field, sport psychologists are “also involved in assisting coaches in working with athletes as well as helping improve athlete’s motivation” (Adams State College, 1998).
According to Cherry (2010), the history of sport psychology began in 1920 when “Carl Diem founded the world’s first psychology laboratory at the Deutsche Sporthochschule in Berlin, Germany. Also in 1925, two more sports psychology labs were established – one by A.Z. Puni at the Institute of Physical Culture in Leningrad and the other by Coleman Roberts Griffith at the University of Illinois” ( Cherry, 2010, p.1) Griffith was the first American to studied sport psychology at the University of Illinois. He investigated and conducted a “series of informal observations” related to basketball and football psychologically. This studied was one of his many accomplishments that helped earned him the title of “Father of Sports Psychology” (Straub, 1987, p.16). However, Griffith’s lab was shut down in 1932 because he was not able to fund it anymore. Since then, Sport psychology has gown and spread throughout the years with other psychologist’s works.
Miele- Conlon states that sports psychology is important because it “helps athletes work through periods of difficulty with the use of various interventions,” meaning athletes will be educated on mental components as well as physical fundamentals of sport psychology to better their...