THe Overall impact of THE INTERNET in SOUTH KOREA
Eric Beals, Brian Boeck, Roney Brown, Richard Crabtree and Wendy Burke
Brief History of the Internet Technology and South Korea - Wendy B. and Brian B.
The Internet dates back to 1968 when DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) contracted with BBN (Bolt, Beranek & Newman) and together they created ARPAnet. In 1970 there were nodes in UCLA, Stanford UC Santa Barbara, U of Utah, and BBN that were used to support the ARPnet and from there the new Internet grew astoundingly. (Slater 2002). The internet has been steadily growing from 111 hosts in 1977, 5,000 in 1986, 1,000,000 in 1992, and over 200 million host in 2002. It is estimated that by the year 2010 that at least 80% of the planet will be on the internet. The early use of the internet was used mainly by universities and research institutions so that they could share documents through FTP, Gopher, and the Usenet.
South Korea has been the leader of broadband internet deployment since 1999. In 2003, South Korea’s broadband penetration was about 21% higher than Hong Kong at 15%. (Lee & Chan-Olmsted). South Korea is the most wired country in terms of broadband. In September 2000, Koreans spent more time surfing than any other nation. On an average Koreans used 15 hours per month compared to 11 hours by Americans (Lee, O’Keefe, & Yun 2002). Most of this time is spent streaming audio and video.
The growth of the internet in South Korea is one of the highest in the world. With the growth of internet use, it is becoming clear that there is a link between the internet and the ever growing generation gap. Technical abilities are being seen in the younger generation at a higher capacity. Through internet technology and application Korea has laid the ground work for even more development and social integration into technology systems. Constant upgrades and with no lack of IT professionals...