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Social Stratification Essay

  • Submitted by: brooklyn
  • on November 11, 2008
  • Category: Social Issues
  • Length: 625 words

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Below is an essay on "Social Stratification" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Social Stratification

1. Some questions to consider as we discuss this topic

➢ Why is there inequality?

➢ How much inequality is there in the U.S.?

➢ Why do sociologists look at wealth, income, education, occupation, race, ethnicity, and gender?

➢ How much inequality is inevitable in the U.S.?

2. Definitions

➢ Social stratification: the system of structured inequality, how society creates layers or strata.

➢ Social class: the social position of an individual or a group.

3. Wealth inequality

➢ The richest 1% of American households own about 39% of the national wealth.

➢ What is the difference between wealth and income?

4. Income inequality

➢ Income inequality has been increasing in the U.S. for three decades.

5. Educational inequality

6. Occupational inequality
7. A few more definitions

➢ Social status: the rank or position of a person in the social structure, based on wealth, income, education, occupation, race, ethnicity, and gender.

➢ Achieved status: achieved through personal accomplishments.

➢ Ascribed status: refers to social positions allocated at birth and which cannot be changed.

➢ Master status: one that overpowers or dominates all other statuses.

8. Theories of stratification

➢ The contributions of Karl Marx to understanding social class

First, a person’s class is determined by the source of his or her income – by the relationship to the means of production.

Second, capitalist societies consist of two classes – the capitalists (the bourgeoisie) and the workers (the proletariat).

➢ The contributions of Max Weber

Weber agreed with Marx that economic factors are important in understanding social stratification, but he did not think a single factor could explain something as complex as social structure.

He saw three dimensions to stratification: wealth, power, and...

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"Social Stratification". Anti Essays. 21 Apr. 2018


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Social Stratification. Anti Essays. Retrieved April 21, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://www.antiessays.com/free-essays/Social-Stratification-20455.html