What is social policy? “Social Policy is the study of social services and the welfare state. In general terms, it looks at the idea of social welfare, and its relationship to politics and society” (http://www2.rgu.ac.uk/publicpolicy/introduction)
So when did we become a caring society? This began when parliament passed The Poor Law act in 1601 which was a recognition that people who were poor needed help. This assignment looks at how the laws progresses and how it affected children and the welfare state. It will explain what social policy is and how it has changed over the years. Many pieces of legislation will be discussed which include the Beveridge report and how the NHS came into effect. More up to date legislation will also be included, theses being, the children act, every child matters and the Early Years Foundation Stage.
The second part will look at an Early Years setting behaviour policy and discuss how it is used effectively and if it works well within the setting.
So what is social policy? It is the development of contemporary law to meet the needs of ever changing society.
Poor Law 1601
In 1601 society in Elizabethan England was changing and there was an increase in people living in poverty, therefore the poor Law was passed by parliament. The poor law was intended to help the poor who may have found themselves out of work for many reasons such as illness. Parish’s made registers of the poor so that they would have an official record of which people fell into the category of ‘poor’. Some parishes were more generous than others and this led to people moving to another area to be registered with a different parish. This led to the 1662 settlement act to be brought in to prevent this. This meant that if people tried to get relief from the parish that was different to the area that they were born in then they could be removed. In some cases heavily pregnant women would go to a more generous parish. They would then be...