Social Movements and Gender
As society becomes frustrated or dissatisfied with the surrounding social, political, or economic situation, they desire change. Collective activities, called social movements, begin to occur and changes the social environment or a group within a particular society. “Every major social institution in a culture affects the construction of gender/sex, and gender/sex as an institution influences the functioning of every other institution (DeFrancisco & Palczewski, 2007, p. 151). Gender often plays a major role in many social movements. In this paper the subject is to examine three social movements involving gender to help demonstrate the impact public opinion has on gender issues.
Feminism Social Movement
Historically, women have been involved in a number of social movements from political actions involving consumer relations to organizing boycotts. The feminism social movements in America have a long history that significantly affected the public opinion on gender issues. In addition, the feminist movement was met with mixed results from its early beginnings up through modern society today.
The feminist movement has impacted many areas in society such as reproductive rights, gender-natural language, and family relationships. Not all people believe that the feminist movement has resulted positively. For example, the feminist movement has been blamed for the destruction of the natural two-parent structure as it “erases differences between men and women” (Williams & Cooperman, 2004, n.p.). One author, Christina Hoff Sommers, explains in her book, The War Against Boys: How Misguided Feminism Is Harming Our Young Men, which states that the gender war is a myth concerning girls as shortchanged and boys are responsible for their own inept problems (DeFrancisco & Palczewski, 2007, p. 186). Much opposition can be seen in viewpoints such as these.
Another social movement, the sexual revolution, has also played a...