Social Exclusion: People with Mental Health problems
This assignment will be looking into the issue of social exclusion in relation to people with mental health problems. Contributions from relevant academic literature will be brought into the assignment. Mental health will be discussed with references made to the perceptions of people with mental health problems and views of mental health. A conclusion will bring together all of the main themes and points raised on the issue of social exclusion with reference to people with mental health problems.
Giddens (2006) describes social exclusion as the ‘processes by which individuals may become cut off from full involvement in the wider society’. Giddens (2006) states that although poverty (lack of income and resources) is a part of social exclusion, the term itself is broader, as it encompasses other dimensions such as ‘exclusion from services, labour market and social relations’ (Giddens, 2006, p378).
There are many causes of social exclusion within society; the Social Exclusion Unit (SEU), (2004) identified five main reasons of the existence of social exclusion, in relation to people with mental health problems. The first reason identified was that of the stigma attached towards having mental health problems and discrimination towards those people. Bell and Lindley (2005) define stigma as a ‘relationship between characteristics of a person and socially constructed negative stereotypes’ (Goffman, 1963, Jones et al., 1984) in (Bell and Lindley, 2005, p107). Bell and Lindley (2005) also state that the United Nations define discrimination as ‘the less favourable treatment of persons. This treatment can limit an individual’s or group’s rights and opportunities’ (Bell and Lindley, 2005, p107). SEU (2004) state that stigma and discrimination is ‘pervasive throughout society; there is no significant change in attitudes despite campaigns’ (Social Exclusion Unit, 2004, p4). The second reason identified...