Define the following types of abuse:
Physical abuse is an act of another party involving contact intended to cause feelings of physical pain, injury or other physical suffering. Symptoms/signs include punching; kicking; slapping; pushing; burning/scaling; restraint; causing bruising.
Sexual abuse, whether adults or children, can also involve abuse of a position of power. Sexual activity is abusive when consent is not freely given. Signs/symptoms include sexual penetration of any part of the body; exposing body parts; sexual exploitation; sexual threats/comments.
Emotional/psychological abuse is a form of abuse characterized by a person subjecting or exposing another to behavior that may result in physiological trauma. Signs/symptoms include humiliation; putting down; bullying; threats; shouting at another; swearing; racial abuse; insulting abusive remarks.
Financial abuse is unauthorized use of a person’s property, money, or other valuables. Signs/symptoms include stealing money/belongings; refusal to access money; withholding money; failing to support individuals to manage financial affairs.
Self neglect/Neglect by others neglect happened when care is not given and an individual suffers as a result. Self neglect is when a service user fails to care for themselves. Signs/symptoms include lack of personal hygiene; failure to eat; weight loss; lack of care; inadequately clothed.
1.3 Describe factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse.
2.1 Explain the actions to take if there are suspicions that an individual is being abused.
2.2 Explain the actions to take if an individual alleges that they are being abused.
2.3 Identify ways to ensure that evidence of abuse is preserved.
3.1 Identify national policies and local systems that relates to safeguarding and protection from abuse.
3.2 Explain the roles of different agencies in safeguarding and protecting individuals from abuse.