Asexual & Sexual Reproduction
The most basic way to reproduce is to make more copies of one's self, a process called asexual reproduction. In contrast, sexual reproduction involves the union of specialized sex cells (eggs and sperm) from two parents to produce genetically unique offspring. The ability to reproduce is one of the unifying characteristics of all living things. Sexual reproduction produces offspring that are genetically different from their parents. Asexual reproduction produces offspring genetically identical to their parent.
Some advantages of asexual reproduction are that less energy is used for reproduction, and daughter offspring has the same genetic material and look exactly like their parents. Asexual reproduction allows an organism to rapidly produce many offspring without the time and resources committed to courtship, finding a mate, and mating. A disadvantage is that the lack of genetic variability in asexually reproducing populations can be detrimental when environmental conditions change quickly. Asexual reproduction they say has more advantages than sexual reproduction. In an asexual population, every time a creature dies because of a mutation, that mutation dies with it. Also asexual reproduction has a lack of genetic variation.
In contrast, sexually reproducing individuals spend a considerable amount of time and energy locating mates, exchanging genetic material, and often caring for young. In sexual reproduction new individuals are produced by the fusion of haploid gametes to form a diploid zygote. Sperm are male gametes, ova are female gametes. Some advantages of sexual reproduction are that it allows for genetic variation due to the joining of two different individuals. In a sexual population, some of the creatures born have lots of mutations and some have few. If the ones with lots of mutations die, then sex purges the species of mutations. Another advantage is that there is less population growth. This could be an...