School and Society Essay

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This essay will discuss several socio-educational issues imbedded in the School and Society textbook. The focus of this paper centers on the first five chapters of the text. Were we will compare how the issues relate to today’s current practice in today’s school and society. In chapter one, we will look at the Athenian Political Economy and how society provided for participation of citizens in government, and expected the education experience fit citizens for that responsibility. Chapter 2 will focus on Jefferson’s plan for popular Education and his proposed four tier educational structure. Chapter 3 will cover the Quality of teachers according to Horace Mann. Chapter 4 will discuss the Reconstruction, Redemption, and African American Schooling. Lastly, Chapter 5 will focus on Open versus Restricted Immigration.
In Chapter 1, the Athenian society allowed citizens to equally share in the democratic process through direct participation. The status of citizen is the “most prominent Athenian social category and the commonality was they were adult males and born in Athens” (S&S pg. 12). It did not matter how wealthy you were, as a citizen “the opportunity to be a voting member of the Athenian general assembly and to serve on the legislative council” (S&S pg. 12) was the goal. Participation in the council was limited and one could only serve for two terms.
Athenian’s educational experience fitted citizens for the responsibility to participate in government procedures. They believed “the ideal life was one led in accordance with reason and virtue” (S&S pg. 14). Therefore, the curriculum reflects their “respect for a balance of healthy mind and healthy body was achieved through literature, music, and philosophy” (S&S pg. 15).   Additionally, they believed gymnastics, boxing and wrestling gave males the ability to defend themselves from enemies.
Whereas, current practices in modern America represents a democratic involvement in the political process is quite...

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