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Schizophrenia In Adolescents Essay

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Schizophrenia in Adolescents

What is Schizophrenia?   Schizophrenia is a mental illness that causes its victims to have a wide variety of odd behaviors.   Behaviors such as delusions (thinking people are trying to hurt you), hallucinations (hearing voices), bizarre/inappropriate behavior, disorganized speech, lack of motivation and so on.   Schizophrenia has just recently been proven to be a physical disorder now that we have brain imaging techniques.   Individuals with schizophrenia show a reduced volume of gray matter in the brain, mainly in the temporal and frontal lobes.   This terrible disorder can be found in about 3.2 million Americans.   About 1.5 million people around the world were diagnosed with schizophrenia in 2009.   The reason I am stating all these facts on schizophrenia is because it is a very scary disorder that affects more people in America than breast cancer.   It is a disorder that is very under-recognized but should be since it affects so many people it deserves more attention.   I can personally relate to it because my 18 year-old cousin developed it at an irregularly young age of around 14 and it happened out of nowhere.   I wanted to find out more about how schizophrenia affects and develops in adolescents since it has affected my cousin in such a terrible way.
The first article, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, talked a lot about detecting early onset schizophrenia.   It proves that adolescents can in fact carry a higher risk of developing the disorder.   The first issues that are associated with schizophrenia were once thought to be the deregulation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis.   When brain imaging techniques became more advanced a few years later it became harder and harder to find a direct correlation between the two.   Studies couldn’t find a progressive decline in neuro-recognition (degeneration of neural tissue) in patients with the disorder.   However, normal brain development has been proven to become...

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