Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Posttraumatic stress disorder, or commonly referred to as PTSD, is a pattern that arises in reaction to a psychological traumatic event. People experience stressful events every day, this however does not put one at risk for PTSD. PTSD is usually due to life threatening events such as combat, a natural disaster, or physical harm. The symptoms of PTSD include re-experiencing the traumatic event, avoiding activities that remind them of the traumatic event, loss of interest in activities that once brought enjoyment, and increased arousal, anxiety, and guilt which may lead to sleep problems. Anyone from young children to grandparents are at risk for developing PTSD. However, determining the cause is not the problem; treating them is. There are a variety of techniques that are used to treat PTSD symptoms. Such techniques include: drug therapy, behavioral exposure techniques, insight therapy, family therapy, and group therapy.
Drug and Psychopharmacological therapy
In most cases of PTSD, drug therapy is used. Drugs can have a major effect on improving ones symptoms. In a recent psychopharmacological treatment study of posttraumatic stress disorder, drugs such as serotonin reuptake inhibitors had a major impact on relieving symptoms and are now seen as the gold standard for drug therapy on PTSD (Wirtz & Frommberger, 2011). Other drugs such as antianxiety, antidepressant, antipsychotics, and mood stabilizers were also used with growing success (Wirtz & Frommberger, 2011). Anxiety can be treated using antianxiety medication. Also, antidepressants may reduce the occurrence of nightmares, panic attacks, flashbacks, and feelings of depression (Wirtz & Frommberger, 2011). The outcome of this form of therapy and psychopharmacological drug treatments are good at reducing episodes of panic attacks and flashbacks which allows one to recover from PTSD.
Behavioral Exposure Techniques
Behavior exposure has...