Psychosocial Development Theory Essay

Below is a free essay on "Psychosocial Development Theory" from Anti Essays, your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Erik Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development is one of the best-known theories of personality and development. Similar to Sigmund Freud, Erikson believed that personality develops in a series of predetermined stages. Unlike Freud’s theory of psychosexual stages, Erikson’s theory describes the impact of social experience across the whole lifespan. At each stage of development, Erikson described conflicts that act as turning points in life.
Erikson’s Stages of Development

Summary: An eight stage theory of identity and psychosocial development
Erik Erikson (1902 -1994), a German-born American psychoanalyst.
Key Terms: Erikson’s stages, psychosocial, development
Erikson’s Stages of Development
Erik Erikson, a German psychoanalyst heavily influenced by Sigmund Freud, explored three aspects of identity: the ego identity (self), personal identity (the personal idiosyncrasies that distinguish a person from another, social/cultural identity (the collection of social roles a person might play).
Erikson’s psychosocial theory of development considers the impact of external factors, parents and society on personality development from childhood to adulthood. According to Erikson’s theory, every person must pass through a series of eight interrelated stages over the entire life cycle.
1. Infant (Hope) – Basic Trust vs. Mistrust
2. Toddler (Will) – Autonomy vs. Shame
3. Preschooler (Purpose) – Initiative vs. Guilt
4. School-Age Child (Competence) – Industry vs. Inferiority
5. Adolescent (Fidelity) – Identity vs. Identity Diffusion
6. Young Adult (Love) – Intimacy vs. Isolation
7. Middle-aged Adult (Care) – Generativity vs. Self-absorption
8. Older Adult (Wisdom) – Integrity vs. Despair
These eight stages, spanning from birth to death, are split in general age ranges.

Read Full Essay

Citations

MLA Citation

"Psychosocial Development Theory". Anti Essays. 30 Aug. 2014

<http://www.antiessays.com/free-essays/Psychosocial-Development-Theory-114938.html>

APA Citation

Psychosocial Development Theory. Anti Essays. Retrieved August 30, 2014, from the World Wide Web: http://www.antiessays.com/free-essays/Psychosocial-Development-Theory-114938.html