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Psy360 Phineas Gage Essay

  • Submitted by: charliegolf001
  • on May 20, 2013
  • Category: Psychology
  • Length: 832 words

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Below is an essay on "Psy360 Phineas Gage" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Week 2 Individual Assignment - Phineas Gage
Christina E. Gonzalez
PSY/360
April 29th, 2013
Eric S. Tomlinson

Week 2 Individual Assignment - Phineas Gage
Phineas Gage, the foreman of a crew cutting a railroad bed in Cavendish, Vermont was a handsome and well liked man.   Those who knew him described him as likeable, easy going and friendly.   Unfortunately, one fateful day on the 13th of September 1848 all of that changed for him.   While Gage was working on the railroad bed a 13 pound tamping iron went straight through his head when a charge he set accidentally exploded. His injury was severe and permanently altered him physically and mentally.   He was the first person to survive an accident that severe. His injury and the damage he received shed light on the relationship between personality and the brain, as well as the brains role in cognitive functioning.

Phineas Gage and the Accident

Phineas Gage was the foreman of a railway construction team working preparing the bed for the Rutland and Burlington Rail Road Company.   The tamping iron blew through his head after an accidental explosion of a charge he set.   The tamping iron was 3 feet 7 inches long.   It weighed approximately 13 1/2 pounds and had a diameter of 1 1/4.   The tamping iron entered under his left cheek bone and went out through the top of his head and landed behind him (Warren Anatomical Museum (WAM), 2010). The doctor that treated Gage was Dr. John Martyn Harlow.   While attending to Gages physical recovery, Dr. Harlow also observed the changes in his personality (Warren Anatomical Museum (WAM), 2010).   His personality had changed so drastically, the contractors from the railroad that had employed him previously would not allow him to return to work.   According to them, Gage was a capable and efficient foreman before the accident.   The accident changed Gage into a disturbed, rude, and profane man that showed little regard for his friend, the people he once worked with and his peers (The...

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