Analyze the Project Approach model in Early Childhood Education discuss how such model to facilitate children development.
The Project Approach is aims that actively use what children know to construct meaning through investigation, analysis, criticism. There have three phases of project: beginning a project, developing a project and including phases. The period can set up for two to three weeks or one month. First step is children to select the topic. Second step is field sites visits.
The project approach model is an in-depth investigation of a topic related to the real world around children.
“Including project work in the curriculum promotes children's intellectual development by engaging their minds in observation and investigation of selected aspects of their experience and environment. (Katz & Chard, 2000, p. 2)”
The two essential elements of the project approach are “child-centered activities” and “social reconstruction”. Child-centered is means that enables children to follow their interests and fascinations. That is spontaneous learning method that they can learn about practical information and a theoretical framework through the process of developing a project in group. This learning-method leading developmental objectives: physical, cognitive and language, affective and social and aesthetic development (Guide to the Pre-primary Curriculum,2006, p.17).
Phases 1: Beginning a project
Children are leading learners but no only received information. Role of Teachers are guidance who encourages children to answer questions relevant to their daily life.
To analyze the model of project approach, I have selection the topic of “farm animals” for the example to explain how such model to help children development.
To beginning, teachers examine children that what topics they would be interested via observations and conversations to understand their prior knowledge. When teachers have heard about children watched the...