Unit 204 Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care.
Outcome 1 Know how to recognise signs of abuse.
1.1 Define the following types of abuse:
Physical abuse- Any abuse involving the use of force is classified as physical abuse. This can mean:
Punching, hitting, slapping, pinching, kicking, in fact any form of physical attack
Burning or scalding
Restraint such as tying up or tying people to beds or furniture
Refusal to allow access to toilet facilities
Deliberate starvation or force feeding
Leaving the individuals in wet or soiled clothing or bedding as a deliberate act to demonstrate power and strength of the abuser
Excessive or inappropriate use of medication
A carer causing illness or injury to someone he or she cares for in order to gain attention
Sexual abuse- Sexual abuse, whether of adults or children, can also involve abuse of a position of power. Children can never be considered to give consent to any sexual activity of any description. For many adults, informed consent is not possible because of a limited understanding of the issues. In case of other adults, consent may not be given and the sexual activity is either forced on the individual against his or her will or the individual is tricked or bribed into it. This can consist of:
Sexual penetration of any part of the body with a penis, finger or any object
Touching inappropriate parts of the body or any other form of sexual contact without the informed agreement of the individual
Exposure to, or involvement in, pornographic or erotic material
Exposure to, or involvement in, sexual rituals
Making sexual related comments or references which provide sexual gratification for the abuser
Making threats about sexual activities.
Emotional/psychological abuse-All the other forms of abuse also have an element of emotional abuse. Any situation which means that an individual becomes a victim of abuse at the hands of someone he or she trusted...