Prenatal Discrimination Act Essay

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Review of the Pre-natal Non-Discrimination Act (PRENDA-HR-4531)
LuAnne Kelly
Chamberlain College of Nursing
Health Policy
NR 708
Janice Davidson
June 08, 2012

Review of the pre-natal non-discrimination act (PRENDA-HR-4531)
Introduction
This paper is a review of pre-natal non- discrimination act (PRENDA-HR-4531), a House of Representatives bill sponsored by Representative Trent Franks (R-Arizona). This bill was defeated in the House of Representatives on May 31, 2012 by a 246-168 vote. The bill is anticipated to be re- tooled and submitted again for review. This paper will focus on abortion history, background development of this bill, history and validity of the issue, political sensitivity of the issue, ethical dilemma and scope of practice issues for the advanced practice nurse. As part of this review an interview with Ellen Poole, PHD, RN, CPAN, CNE was conducted. Dr. Poole is a Professor at Chamberlain College of Nursing in Phoenix, Arizona and teaches Nursing Research and Evidence Based Practice courses to baccalaureate and masters students. Dr. Poole initially became aware of the PRENDA legislation in late May, 2012 shortly before the House of Representative review on May 31, 2012. Dr. Poole’s perspective on the subject is unique as she received her PHD from America University which is a Catholic based institution and she has worked primarily for Catholic hospitals which prohibited abortions in their facilities. She received her baccalaureate degree in 1973 from Creighton University during the historical Roe vs Wade debate on abortion and was actively involved in the political debate on this issue.
Abortion History
The history of abortion dates back to the 1820’s when laws began to appear forbidding abortion after the fourth month of pregnancy. Through the efforts primarily of physicians, the American Medical Association, and legislators, most abortions in the US had been outlawed by 1900 (Lewis, 2012). Illegal abortions were...

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