NFPA 1971- specifies the minimum design, performance, and certification requirements for the structural fire fighting ensemble, as well as the test methods that must be used by manufacturers to demonstrate compliance.
The following are required to be worn in structural fire fighting per NFPA 1971:
Helmet- protects the head from impact as well as from scalding water and other products of combustion.
Protective hood- protects portions of the firefighter’s face, ears, and neck not covered by the helmet or coat collar from heat.
Bunker jacket/pants- protect trunk and limbs against cuts, abrasions, and burn injuries; protects from heat and cold, and provides limited protection from corrosive liquids.
Gloves- protect the hands from cuts, abrasions, and burn injuries.
Boots- protect the feet from burn injuries and puncture wounds.
All protective clothing must have attached the product label.
Manufacturer’s name, identification, or designation
Country of manufacture
Manufacture’s identification number or lot number or serial number
Month and year of manufacture
Model name, number, or design
Size or size range
Principal materials of construction
Invented in 1836 by H.T. Gratacap
Phenix 1500 series
Phenix TC1 series
Made out of a thermoplastic shell to prevent cracking and chipping.
Thermal impact cap (3/8” thick) provides thermal regulation and impact protection.
Chin strap (postman’s slide/quick release) 3/4” wide black nylon and shroud made out of nomex
Historically made just to shed water.
Newer helmets made to:
Prevent hot water and embers from reaching the ears and neck
Protect the head from impact
Protection from heat and cold
Secondary protections of the face and eyes with a faceshield
Colored helmets allow for removable shields and can provide unit identification, rank identification, and help with accountability
Must have shrouds
Chin straps ensure that helmets...