1. In Tocqueville’s Democracy in America, “mores” are understood as customary rules of behavior or social norms. These “mores” are the foundation of the social contract that allows mankind to create a civil society and eventually form government.
2. Tocqueville argued that Puritanism was closely related to political theory because of the way churches were formed. Puritans would simply vote on the idea of adopting another church. This method was very democratic compared to the way Catholic churches were formed. That idea was carried over into their social contracts and eventually their government. In order for any government to exist, it needed to have the consent of the governed.
3. (a) The distinction between liberty and license or true liberty and corrupt liberty is simple. Locke explains liberty as the state of nature and as a state of equality in which no one has power over another, and people are free to do want they want. However, when people act on desires that infringe on other peoples’ life, liberty, and property, then it becomes license and violates the natural law. (b) The State of Nature cannot be a state of license because the State of Nature requires people to be equal and obey the laws of nature and to not infringe on the unalienable rights given by God. A state of license is actually a State of War, according to Locke.
4. Tocqueville claims that America combined religion and freedom, something previously thought to be farfetched. This combination worked so well because religion was used a catalyst for liberty. As previously stated, The Puritan idea of receiving the consent of the people to create churches was carried over into their way of government.
5. A true democracy is a system of government where every single person directly affects the policies and laws for the government usually through voting. A democratic republic is where people elect representatives to vote on policies and laws for the government.