To describe the relationship between the U.S. government and the policing organizations throughout the United States, we must first understand policing organizations.
American police departments are setup in organizational structures and administrative styles that are a bureaucratic organization. This bureaucratic form exists because it is the most effective means to date that has been developed for organizing and directing many different activities in the pursuit of a common goal.
Even though this setup is considered the most effective, there are several problems with this form of organization. First, inflexibility and the inability to adapt to external changes have made the department fail to respond to changes in crime. Second, the breakdown of communication in department with important information not reaching the people that needs it. Third, it is self-serving, keeping the department out-of-touch with community concerns. Fourth, it leads to morale problems. Another negative aspect is the informal aspect; this consists of hierarchies, informal relationships, cliques, friendship patterns and temporary collaborations, which conflicts with the professionalism that the department is supposed to exhibit, to follow written departmental rules.
The United States does not have federal agencies responsible for supervising police departments or ensuring standards are upheld. There are some minimum standards for police organizations, which are required by the government. This is where the relationship between the U.S. government and policing organizations begin. The government and policing organizations relationship is one where the organizations have laws and guidelines set by the government that they must follow, to run and maintain an organized system. The government has passed a number of laws that directly apply to policing organizations.
This has influence the relationship on the U.S society by making sure individual rights are upheld and if violated...