PT Monograph (Analytic)
AU Grofman, Bernard
AT Pig and Proletariat: Animal Farm as History
MT Short Story Criticism
DB Literature Resources from Gale
XX 访问日期： 13 March 2011
BE Palmisano, Joseph
NT San Jose Studies 16. 2 (Spring 1990): 5-39.
RM 版权 2011 Gale
RM COPYRIGHT 2004 Gale, COPYRIGHT 2007 Gale, Cengage Learning
SU Animal Farm (Orwell, George) (Novel)
SU Orwell, George
TX [(essay date spring 1990) In the following essay, Grofman examines aspects of
Animal Farm, including its literary roots, its place in didactic literature, and
its critical reception. ]
This essay has a very simple aim: to rescue Animal Farm from the often repeated
claim that it is merely a children's story and to demonstrate how closely its events
are tied to the events of Soviet political history. 1 In the process I hope to
demonstrate that Animal Farm works at several levels, as a charming story about
"humanized" animals, as an allegory about the human condition, and, most importantly,
as a thinly disguised and biting political satire about Soviet totalitarianism.
No reader can fully enjoy the book without knowing, for example, that the pig Snowball
represents Trotsky and the pig Napoleon represents Stalin.
I. Literary Roots
The work to which Animal Farm is most often compared is Gulliver's Travels
(see, e.g., 1946 reviews by Edward Weeks in The Atlantic and Edmund Wilson in
The New Yorker ), although comparisons with Candide are also common. It is true
that for Animal Farm Orwell draws inspiration from many satirists, including,
of course, Voltaire (whom Orwell greatly admired) and Swift (on whom he wrote a
lengthy and penetrating essay in 1946: "Politics Versus Literature: An...