Erickson’s vs. Piaget’s Developmental Theories
Erickson believed that all the stages of a person’s development are present at birth, in one form or another, and unfold according to both an innate scheme and one's up bringing in a family. He believed that each stage helps to pave the way for the next stage and that each stage is shaped by that persons experiences. He believed that there are eight stages in life and that there is a negative/positive aspect to each stage.
The first stage is Trust vs. Mistrust. This takes place from birth to about one year old. At this time, a child will form a bond with its mother or caregiver due to its needs being met but this can be this can be affected by the parent’s maternal relationship.
The second stage is Autonomy vs. Shame and doubt. This takes place form one to three years of age. At this stage children need to develop a sense of self-sufficiency.
The third stage is Initiative vs. Guilt. This is from about three to six years old. At this time they need to be socially assertive and develop positive and acceptable social skills. They may feel the need to show off but can feel guilt for there actions after the fact.
The forth stage is Industry vs. Inferiority. This takes place at six to twelve years old. They must learn to master new skills and abilities. They also loose there cense of childhood and feel a need to conform to fit in.
The fifth stage is Identity vs. Role Confusion. This is from age twelve to twenty-one. At this time they must develop a personal identity and a cense of who they are, what they value and there goals in life are. They become very concerned with how they look to others.
The sixth stage is Intimacy vs. Isolation. This takes place from twenty-two thirty-five years old. At this time they feel the need to find intimacy in a loving relationship.
The seventh stage is Generativity vs. Stagnation. This is from ages thirty-six to sixty. This should be the time of...