Parkinsons Disease Essay

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Disease Project on Parkinson’s disease
Parkinson's is a condition that has been known about since ancient times. It is referred to in the ancient Indian medical system of Ayurveda under the name Kampavata. In Western medical literature, it was described by the physician Galen as "shaking palsy" in AD 175. However, it was not until 1817 that a detailed medical essay was published on the subject by London doctor James Parkinson (parkinsons.org).
Parkinson's disease is a progressive degenerative disorder, affecting motor function through loss of extrapyramidal activity (Gould 518). A neurological condition typically causes tremors or stiffness in movement. The condition affects about 1 to 2 percent of people over the age of 60 years and the chance of developing Parkinson’s disease increases as we age. Most people affected with Parkinson’s are not aware of any relatives with the condition but in a number of families, there is a family history. There are usually three or more people affected in the family. The etiology of Parkinson’s disease; is thought to be inherited from a person’s genes making a certain family more likely to develop the condition. In most cases, inheriting a non-working copy of a single gene will not cause someone to develop Parkinson's disease though. We believe that many other complicating factors such as additional genes and environmental factors determine who will get the condition, when they get it and how it affects them. In the families that have been studied, some people who inherit the gene develop the condition and others live their entire lives without showing any symptoms. Genetic testing has recently become available for the Parkinson’s also the PINK1 genes. Parkinson's is a large gene though and testing is difficult. As much as we know now about Parkinson’s disease, testing is likely to give a positive result only for people who develop the condition before the age of 30 years. Parkinson's disease can affect many aspects of a...

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