Osteoporosis Can’t Be Prevented Without Magnesium. Essay

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Osteoporosis Can’t be prevented without Magnesium.
According to the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture NHANES 2007 Survey the average dietary magnesium intake is thirty percent below the RDA, indicating that a large proportion of our population has substantial dietary Magnesium deficits.   Low magnesium levels will cause a decrease in hormones needed for bone-building and calcium absorption, parathyroid hormone and vitamin D hormone.   A 2006 study at the University of Southern California showed a reduced bone mineral content in rats with a fifty percent reduction of dietary magnesium.   Without enough magnesium, calcium is poorly absorbed into blood and bones which will eventually lead to osteoporosis.
Magnesium deficiency will develop slowly because the body stores excess in muscle tissue.   Poor diet, excessive alcohol, diuretics, and poorly controlled diabetes can increase risk for magnesium deficiency.   Conversely, high blood magnesium can be caused from laxatives, antacids, or kidney failure.   Symptoms of deficiency and excess are similar and can include weakness, nausea, slowed breathing, eventual malaise, coma, and even result in death.  
Magnesium is a major mineral needed in the diet that cannot be synthesized by the human body.   Most magnesium is obtained from plant-based foods and about thirty percent comes from meat, milk, eggs and other animal products.   Mineral supplements that contain magnesium oxide are not a good option because it can’t be easily absorbed by the body.   The best sources dietary magnesium comes from vegetables, fruits, grains and nuts.
Magnesium is key in maintaining bone health; however it is also vital for muscle and nerve function, steady heart rhythm, a healthy immune system, normal blood pressure, as well as to regulate blood sugar levels.   Calcium and Vitamin D are important in osteoporosis prevention, but without magnesium the body cannot fully absorb and activate bone-building nutrients.  



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