Unit 204 – Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care.
1.1 Define the following types of abuse:
* Physical abuse – the use of physical force that may result in injury, pain or impairment
* Sexual abuse - any sexual activity which cannot or has not been consented to, also non contact abuse such as voyeurism and pornography
* Emotional/psychological abuse – any act including confinement, isolation, verbal assault, humiliation, intimidation or any other treatment which may diminish the sense of identity, dignity and self-worth
* Financial abuse – the unauthorised or improper use of funds, property or resources belonging to an individual
* Institutional abuse – The mistreatment of people bought about by poor or inadequate care or support, or systematic poor practice that affects the whole care setting. It occurs when the individuals’ needs are sacrificed for the smooth running of a group, service or organisation
* Self neglect – The failure of an adult to take care of himself or herself that causes, or is reasonably likely to cause within a short period of time, serious physical, mental or emotional harm or substantial damage to or loss of assets
* Neglect by others – The failure to provide necessary care, assistance, guidance or attention that causes, or is reasonably likely to cause the person physical, mental or emotional harm or substantial damage to or loss of assets
1.2 Identify the signs or symptoms associated with each type of abuse:
* Physical abuse – markings to the skin including bruises burns and lacerations, unexplained fractures, ANY injury that is not fully explained
* Sexual abuse – disclosure, torn/stained clothing, difficulty in walking/sitting, sexual/urinary/vaginal infection, changes in sexual behaviour, ambivalence, deference, withdrawal, sleep disturbance
* Emotional/psychological abuse – low self-esteem, deference, passivity, unexplained fear, emotional...